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How Embedded Scripting Makes Dynamically Generated Test Data Possible in ASP.Net – DataBuilder Part 2 November 6, 2010

Posted by ActiveEngine Sensei in .Net Development, ActiveEngine, ASP.Net, C#, CS-Script, DataBuilder, JSON.Net, NBuilder, Problem Solving.
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Part 1 of a 3 part series.  For the latest DataBuilder capabilities, read this post or download the new source code from here.

Last episode Sensei unveiled a useful little tool called DataBuilder.  DataBuilder helps you to generate test data for you domain objects.  Just point DataBuilder to your assemblies, and with the magic of NBuilder, CS-Script you can create test data as JSON.  How is this possible?  This post will focus on the behind the scenes magic that makes DataBuilder so flexible.

The main problem that DataBuilder solves is that to create test data for your classes you normally need to fire up Visual Studio and a project, create code, compile, etc. to produce anything and this can cause needless context switching and headache.  What if you wish to simply wish to mock up a UI and need some data sets to work with?  DataBuilder helps in that you can create test data for any existing assembly.  You can also create different types of test data based on what ever criteria you need.  This is accomplished by taking the input supplied in the Snippet Editor screen, compiling it to an in-memory assembly and executing it.  No need to fire up Visual Studio and add a TestGeneration project to your .Net solution.

The “dynamic” nature of DataBuilder is implemented with CS-Script.  In short, CS-Script is an embedded scripting system that uses ECMA-compliant C #, with full access to the CLR and OS.  For an in-depth review see  Oleg Shilo’s fantastic article on CodeProject where he describes his product.

As Oleg describes, CS-Script will compile your code into an assembly, load that assembly into a separate app domain, then execute that assembly.  There are two scenarios that can be used to host your script.  They are the Isolated Execution Pattern, where the host and script have no knowledge of each other, and the  Simplified Hosting Model for two way type sharing between the host and the script.  The Simplified Hosting Model allows the script file to access assemblies loaded in the host, as well as pass back data to the host.  DataBuilder uses the Simplified Host Model.

Before we get into the particular DataBuilder code, let’s review some samples that Oleg has provided.  The scenario presented is when you wish to remotely load a script and execute it, and the recommendation is to user interface inheritance to avoid the task of using reflection to invoke the method.

// Host contains this interface:
public interface IWordProcessor
{
void CreateDocument();
void CloseDocument();
void OpenDocument(string file);
void SaveDocument(string file);
}

//  The script file implements the interface
public class WordProcessor: IWordProcessor
{
public void CreateDocument() { ... }
public void CloseDocument() { ... }
public void OpenDocument(string file) { ... }
public void SaveDocument(string file) { ... }
}

//  Host executes the script
AsmHelper helper = new AsmHelper(CSScript.Load("script.cs", null, true));

//the only reflection based call
IWordProcessor proc = (IWordProcessor)helper.CreateObject("WordProcessor");

//no reflection, just direct calls
proc.CreateDocument();
proc.SaveDocument("MyDocument.cs");

There are other methods for invoking methods and scripts. It’s well worth your time reading through the script hosting guidelines as Oleg covers performance, reflection, interface alignment with duck typing and other facets that are important to CS-Script.

Now let’s focus on DataBuilder’s embedded scripting implementation.  DataBuilder uses the interface inheritance approach to execute the script that you supply.  Here’s the interface:

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;

namespace DataGenerator.ScriptHost
{
    public interface IScriptRunner
    {
        void RunScript();
        void RunScript(Dictionary<string, object> parameters);
    }
}

And here is an implementation of the interface:

//CSScript directives - DO NOT REMOVE THE css_ref SECTION!!!
//css_ref System.Core;
//css_ref System.Data.ComponentModel;
//css_ref System.Data.DataSetExtensions;
//css_ref System.Xml.Linq;

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Text;
using System.IO;
using DataGenerator.Core;
using DataGenerator.ScriptHost;
using System.Linq.Expressions;
using System.Linq;
using Newtonsoft.Json;
using FizzWare.NBuilder;
//  Add a reference to your assemblies as well!!
using UnRelatedAssembly;

public class CreateTestFile : IScriptRunner
{
    public void  RunScript(Dictionary<string,object> parameters)
    {
        var agents = Builder<SalesAgent>.CreateListOfSize(5)
                    .WhereTheFirst(1)
                         .Have(x => x.FirstName = "James")
                         .And(x => x.LastName = "Kirk")
                    .AndTheNext(1)
                          .Have(x => x.FirstName = "Bruce")
                          .And(x => x.LastName = "Campbell")
                    .Build()
                    .ToList();

        parameters["JsonDataSet"] = JsonConvert.SerializeObject(agents);
    }

    public void  RunScript()
    {
 	    throw new NotImplementedException();
    }
}

The script host is derived from ScriptHostBase.  ScriptHostBase will perform the compilation of your script with the method CompileScript(), as well as fetching any remote assemblies that you want to include.  This is a great point of flexibility as it allows you to point to any assembly that you have access to.  Assemblies can come from multiple locations, and as long as you know the namespaces you can include the classes from those assemblies in your scripts.

        /// <summary>
        /// Compile a script and store in a runner object for later
        /// execution
        /// </summary>
        protected void CompileScript()
        {
            if(string.IsNullOrEmpty(this.Script))
            {
                throw new ArgumentNullException("ScriptHostBase - CompileScript : Script can not be blank");
            }

            if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(this.TypeName))
            {
                throw new ArgumentNullException("ScriptHostBase - CompileScript : TypeName can not be blank");
            }

            //  Has an assembly already been loaded?
            string names = string.Empty;
            AppDomain appDomain = AppDomain.CurrentDomain;

            var assemblyPaths = appDomain.GetAssemblies()
                                    .ToList()
                                    .Select(x => x.FullName)
                                    .ToList();

            var fizzWare = assemblyPaths.Where(x => x.Contains("FizzWare.NBuilder"))
                                            .SingleOrDefault();

            var assemblyLoadList = new List<string>();
            assemblyLoadList = this.AssemblyPaths.ToList();

            //  Load if needed
            if (fizzWare != null)
            {
                string remove = assemblyLoadList
                                     .Where(x => x.Contains("FizzWare.NBuilder"))
                                     .SingleOrDefault();
                assemblyLoadList.Remove(remove);
            }
            else
            {
                string path = ConfigurationManager.AppSettings["FizzWarePath"].ToString();
                assemblyPaths.Add(path);
            }

            Assembly compiler = CSScript.LoadCode(this.Script, assemblyLoadList.ToArray());
            AsmHelper asmHelper = new AsmHelper(compiler);
            this.runner = asmHelper.CreateObject(this.TypeName);
        }

You may be scratching your head at the lines of code that explicitly load FizzWare.NBuilder(26 -43).  When first constructing DataBuilder, Sensei struggled with getting NBuilder to compile with the new script.  CS-Script uses an algorithm to probe directories for assemblies as well as probing scripts to resolve namespaces.  In some cases, this probe will NOT locate a namespace based on the naming conventions of an assembly. CS-Script has provisions for handling those scenarios allowing you to specifically load an assembly.  The issue Sensei had at first was that the first execution of a script would complete successfully as NBuilder would be loaded.  The problem lay with the second run of the script, as an exception would be thrown claiming that NBuilder was already loaded and hence there was no need to explicitly load it again!  The work around is to query the loaded assemblies and if NBuilder is loaded, remove that path to FizzWare.NBuilder assembly from the AssemblyPaths list and prevent the script from reloading NBuilder.

Classes derived from ScriptHostBase are responsible for implementing ExecuteScript method.  In this implementation StringScriptHost derives from ScriptHostBase and has the following ExecuteScript method:

        /// <summary>
        /// Compile a script and invoke
        /// </summary>
        public override void ExecuteScript()
        {
            base.CompileScript();

            IScriptRunner scriptRunner = (IScriptRunner)this.runner;
            scriptRunner.RunScript(Parameters);
        }

Other script hosts can be created and handle scenarios where scripts stored in a document database, text fields in SQL Server or other scenarios.

The process of including your import statements, locating any scripts located on a share and passing parameters to scripts is all controlled by the ScriptController.  There are two constructors with one allowing you to specify the script location:

public ScriptController(string scriptShare){}

With the ScriptController you can execute snippets that you type free form with the method ExecuteSnippet.

public void ExecuteSnippet(string snippet, Dictionary<string, object> parameters)
        {
            Enforce.ArgumentNotNull<string>(snippet, "ScriptController.ExecuteAdHoc - snippet can not be null");

            //  Wrap snippet with class declaration and additional using ;
            snippet = snippetHeader + this.UsingFragment + snippetClassName +
                        snippet + snippetFooter;

            var scriptHost = new StringScriptHost();
            scriptHost.Script = snippet;
            scriptHost.TypeName = "AdHoc";
            scriptHost.Parameters = parameters;
            scriptHost.AssemblyPaths = this.assemblyPaths.ToArray();

            scriptHost.ExecuteScript();
        }

Another method ExecuteScript is used for executing script files that you have save on a share.  As you read through the ExecuteSnippet method, you’ll note that the controller will combine the required import and namespace methods.  It’s really just concatenating strings to build a complete script in the format displayed above in the CreateTestFile.cs code.

You create a Dictionary<string, object> called parameters and pass this to the ScriptController.Execute methods.  This allows you great flexibility as you can allow the scripts to instantiate different objects and return them to the host application for further use.  In the case of DataBuilder we are expecting a JsonDataSet object which is our serialized test data in the form of JSON.

That’s it.  Hopefully you find DataBuilder and these posts useful.  CS-Script is quite powerful and can allow you to execute operations without the need to constantly recompile your projects.  It also allows to execute operations dynamically.  DataBuilder would not be possible without it.  When duty calls and fluent solutions are needed, CS-Script and embedded scripting are pretty incredible. Source code is here.

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